Choti Diwali also understood as Kali Chaudas, Naraka Chaturdashi, and Roop Chaudas, is the celebration of the Hindus, which is commemorated on the fourteenth day in the month of Kartik (during October – November). It is the next day of the five-day-long Deepavali celebrations. The day celebrates the killing of the devil king, Narakasura, by Satyabhama, Lord Krishna, & Goddess Kali. Commemorated with lamps and crackers just like the celebration of Diwali, Choti Diwali as Naraka Chaturdashi has many tales linked with it in distinct parts of India. Apart from this, some people send Choti Diwali gifts.
Tales that are connected with Choti Diwali
The Story of Narakasura & Lord Krishna:
According to the mythological tales, Narkasura, the devil king and the monarch of Pragjyotishpur (an area in South Nepal) and child of Mother Nature, contested Lord Indra in a war to govern the whole universe in which he won against God. After that, he took away the beautiful earrings of Aditi- the Mother of the Gods and jailed sixteen thousand daughters of martyrs and Deities in his harem due to the warning of his demise that a woman does. Dragged down by the dreadfulness, Lord Indra ran straight to Lord Krishna and asked for his assistance. Lord Krishna was determined to challenge the devil king in the war to end his brutalities against Gods and women.
As Naraksura was fated to be destroyed by a woman who is an embodiment of Bhumidevi, the monarch’s mother, he asked his spouse Satyabhama to attend him in the war as she was an embodiment of Bhumidevi. Satyabhama decided to join her husband in the war. Lord Krishna undertook an onslaught on the empire of the Naraksura, devastating all the obstacles that came in the manner. He even killed the robust monster Mura who safeguarded the empire with his Sudarshan Chakra.
The Story of King Bali and Lord Vishnu:
The growing dreadfulness imposed by King Bali on the populace influenced Lord Vishnu to earn a Vamana (dwarf) avatar to put a stop to them. He went to his empire as a beggar and asked for assistance from King Bali. In return, he asked the beggar to ask anything from his empire in three phases.
Lord Vishnu surrounded the entire paradise in the first phase, the complete earth in the second phase, and when nothing was taken off with King Bali to give the beggar for the third phase, he sacrificed his head to maintain the third phase. As soon as Lord Vishnu kept his foot on his head, King Bali was sent to the underworld. As a portion of the celebrations and accomplishment of good over evil, diyas and lights were lit in the empires of Gods and the environment was filled with joy and happiness.
Ceremonies of Choti Diwali/Narak Chaturdashi:
How is Choti Diwali celebrated as Kali Chaudas:
Kali Chaudas jointly imply the gloomy night of the fourteenth day of the Kartika month on which Goddess Kali is honored to starve off all the depravities from life. It is assumed that Goddess Kali destroyed the cruel and bad Raktavija on this day. The day implies warding off all the indolence and evil and fetches the light of longing and happiness in life. On the occasion of Kali Chaudas, people clean their hair in the morning and put Kajal in the eyes to safeguard themselves from evil eyes. People also cook delicious food items from the partially-cooked rice or Poha to give to Goddess Kali. The day also follows people giving Nived (food) to their Kul Devi to get themselves safeguarded and pursue her blessings on this day. Kali Chaudas is commemorated in Gujarat, Rajasthan, and some portions of Maharashtra.
How is Choti Diwali Celebrated as Hanuman Jayanti:
There are various assumptions regarding the birth date of Lord Hanuman in Hindu myth. Some commemorate it in the time of Chaitra, and some on the festivity of Choti Diwali in India. As Lord Hanuman was enormously close to Lord Rama and was a true devotee, therefore, maximum people enjoy Hanuman during the festivity of Choti Diwali with great willingness.
They offer their wishes to the God with orange coloured sindoor, tulsi leaves, and blossoms along with chana murky, Ganga jal, and ladoos and chant Hanuman Chalisa and Sundar Kaand throughout their journey to home. People use coconuts alongside Naivedya made with ghee, sesame, rice, and sugar. You can also send Diwali sweets.
Festivities of Choti Diwali in India:
In the area of South India, people use to make a paste using kumkum and oil known as Ubtan which exemplifies the blood of the devil king Narakasura. After smashing a fruit signifying the skull of the devil king, they put this paste on their foreheads. They take a shower using sandalwood paste and oil before sunrise. The house is tidied up and adorned with Rangoli.